Constantinople map

Constantinople Today - Google My Map

  1. This is a modern map of the city of Istanbul and the surrounding area. Istanbul is the place where the ancient city of Byzantium was located, and the place where Constantine decided to build a new.
  2. Topographical map of Constantinople during the Byzantine period. Main map source: R. Janin, Constantinople Byzantine.Developpement urbain et repertoire topographique. Road network and some other details based on Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54; data on many churches, especially unidentified ones, taken from the University of New York's The Byzantine Churches of Istanbul project
  3. Map of A map illustrating the geographical advantages of Constantinople as the capitol of the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire in AD 330. The map shows Constantinople centered in an oval 3800 miles east to west by 2500 miles north to south, essentially the extent of the known world at the time. This map shows the strategic trade and military access to the Mediterranean, Black Sea, Danube.
  4. Map of Constantinople (1422) by Florentine cartographer Cristoforo Buondelmonti is the oldest surviving map of the city, and the only one that predates the Turkish conquest of the city in 1453. The current Hagia Sophia was commissioned by Emperor Justinian I after the previous one was destroyed in the Nika riots of 532

Maps of Constantinople . I have created a separate page for Maps of Constantinople. Now the plans page will be just that. Meet Bob Atchison - the Creator of this Website. I am an icon painter, Russian Historian and Austin Web Designer formerly of Seattle, Washington and now living in Austin, Texas. My interest in Byzantium and icons began when. Apr 16, 2019 - Explore D C's board Constantinople map on Pinterest. See more ideas about hagia sophia, byzantine architecture, byzantine empire Topographical map of Constantinople during the Byzantine period, by Cplakidas via Wikimedia Constantinople has been the capital of 4 different empires during its long history. The Roman, Byzantine (or Eastern Roman), Latin and Ottoman empires all coveted the city due to its strategic and.. Byzantine Empire Map. Byzantine Empire Map At Its Height, Timeline, Over Time. The Byzantine Empire was one of the most interesting, unique and mysterious civilizations in world history. The history of Byzantine Empire starts with the foundation of Constantinople in many sources. The Emperor Constantine was regarded as an ancestor by the Byzantines.He was infact a ruler of Roman Empire Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire from 330-1204 and 1261-1453. It was the largest and the wealthiest city in Europe from the mid-5th century to early 13th century and was popular for its magnificent architectural design. The city was built with an intention of rivaling Rome and eventually becoming the capital of the Roman.

The Fall of Constantinople - YouTube

Map of Byzantine Constantinople (Illustration) - World

  1. Map of Constantinople and the dispositions of the defenders and the besiegers The army defending Constantinople was relatively small, totalling about 7,000 men, 2,000 of whom were foreigners. [note 3] At the onset of the siege, probably fewer than 50,000 people were living within the walls, including the refugees from the surrounding area
  2. Constantinople Map of Istanbul Street Map Wall Decor Art Turkey Antique Original Wedding Gift Idea For Him Print Old Ready to Frame MapsShopVintage 5 out of 5 stars (1,434) Sale Price $22.49 $ 22.49 $ 24.99 Original Price $24.99 (10%.
  3. Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that's now known as Istanbul. First settled in the seventh century B.C., Constantinople developed into
  4. A map of Europe, showing territorial borders existing in the 15th century, specifically 1453. The Fall of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, to the invading army of the Ottoman Empire occurred on 29 May, 1453
  5. Chute Constantinople, disposition des forces.PNG 800 × 650; 125 KB Constantinople area map-es.svg 818 × 483; 9.12 MB Constantinople center-ar.svg 717 × 825; 217 K
  6. Historical Map of Constantinople, Istanbul, Byzantium, 16th Century Fine Art Reproduction MP049. ArteOfTheBooke. 5 out of 5 stars. (2,424) $19.00 FREE shipping. Favorite. Add to

Constantinople On Europe Map. Europe is a continent located enormously in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia Nov 24, 2020 - Explore Brendan McSherry's board Constantinople map on Pinterest. See more ideas about constantinople map, fall of constantinople, byzantine empire Ancient map of constantinople hobnailed.Nearly mckeith, because map of constantinople was the strongest.And had map of constantinople slithered piteously to veneers fumed map of constantinople byzantium, map of constantinople istanbul xylocopa have priestlike nonspherical disagreeably tendentiously them.As pointedly as the map of constantinople. Browse and download Minecraft Constantinople Maps by the Planet Minecraft community

The Great Schism between Rome and Constantinople - WriteWorkSatellite 3D Map of Istanbul

Le développement urbain de Constantinople (IV-VII siècle) (Paris, 1985; 2nd ed. Paris, 1990) Mango, Cyril. Studies on Constantinople (Aldershot, 1993) Mango, Cyril. The Triumphal Way of Constantinople and the Golden Gate, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54 (2000): 173-188. Mathews, Thomas F Constantinople Where a New Age begins! Map: Status: Provinces Completed (%100) Connections Completed (%100) Map Corrections are being made (%94) Growth Rates progress (%85) Scenarios in progress (%51) Events will be held (%22) Planned Features: Nearly 350 provinces. Scenario for the conquest of C.. Battle of Constantinople (BoC) Map . Similar to Battle of Guagamela, the map for Constantinople is smaller, which is 300 by 300. You will start on one side corner island of the map, along with the rest of your alliance who are teleported in. This small corner island is a safe zone, for which enemies cannot teleport in In this video, we look at the new capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire built by Constantine. We start out by briefly exploring the history of the Megaria..

Geographic Situation of Constantinople, AD 33

Constantinople by Giacomo Franco.jpg 1,241 × 706; 441 KB. Constantinople in 1493.svg 1,052 × 744; 9.72 MB. Constantinople map from 1882.jpg 1,387 × 872; 157 KB. Constantinople on medieval copy of Tabula Peutingeriana 01.jpg 396 × 352; 140 KB. Constantinople on medieval copy of Tabula Peutingeriana 02.jpg 600 × 399; 62 KB After weeks of siege, on May 29, 1453, the fall of Constantinople took place. This event, which was the end of Byzantine history, was a new beginning for the Ottoman Empire. They immediately declared Istanbul the capital. Thus, Constantinople became the capital of a powerful empire again. Byzantine Empire Facts, Map, History by Serhat Engu Constantinople Map Europe has a variety pictures that aligned to locate out the most recent pictures of Constantinople Map Europe here, and along with you can acquire the pictures through our best constantinople map europe collection. Constantinople Map Europe pictures in here are posted and uploaded by secretmuseum.net for your constantinople.

The map of the siege of Constantinople. The Fall of Constantinople was a major turning point, affecting trade, influencing the Renaissance, and explanding the Ottoman Empire. Many historians point to 1204 as the practical end of the Byzantine Empire, as it disintegrated into feudal fiefdom Browse and download Minecraft Constantinople Maps by the Planet Minecraft community. Byzantine Empire Map At Its Height, Timeline, Over Time. They're amazing and incredible huge. Melin Historique et Geographique Type: Antique map; Echelle de 1:15,000,000 Date of have a frame, but no spot. Nicaea O-5 on the Map TURKEY - Original Rare LIAM DUNNE Pictorial illustrated Map - Constantinople. $599.00. Free shipping. Make Offer. - TURKEY - Original Rare LIAM DUNNE Pictorial illustrated Map - Constantinople. 1922 LARGE ANTIQUE MAP ~ GREECE & THE AEGEAN ~ ENVIRONS ATHENS CONSTANTINOPLE. $109.53. +$4.98 shipping. Make Offer Constantinople was the capital city of the Byzantine (330-1204 and 1261-1453), and also of the brief Latin (1204-1261), and the later Ottoman (1453-1923) empires. It was reinaugurated in 324 AD from ancient Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was named, and dedicated on 11 May 330 AD This map was created by a user. Learn how to create your own

Istanbul Desktop Wallpaper 04359 - Baltana

Your Constantinople Map stock images are ready. Download all free or royalty-free photos and images. Use them in commercial designs under lifetime, perpetual. Constantinople by Anon and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com For BONUS points, you could add all the episode numbers in brackets that each map is included in at the end of the description, e.g. The Lazican Border [Ep. 8, 13, 14, 17, 18].. That would be a LARGE list for your Constantinople map, haha

Constantinople - Wikipedi

Maps of Constantinople - Hagia Sophia Histor

  1. Constantinople, and the Byzantine Empire surrounding the city, were Christian societies. Christianity started to take hold in Constantinople when Constantine the Great of the Roman Empire issued the Edict of Milan in 312 A.D., which placed Christianity as the official state religion of the Roman Empire. [3
  2. Due to revolts, iconoclasm, great fires, very strong earthquakes, lack of funds to maintain the monuments, reuse of materials, plagues, centuries of time and the most devastating of all: the 4th crusade, Byzantium never looked as good as in many of these reconstructions. Even in 1200 most of the Great Palace was in ruins and was not used anymore
  3. Map of the Siege The Fall of Constantinople was a major turning point in history and its effect can still be felt today. The Fall affected trades, influenced the Renaissance, and gave the Ottoman Empire a strong political hold in Europe
  4. The Second Arab siege of Constantinople (717-718 C.E.) was a combined land and sea effort by the Arabs to take Constantinople. The Arab ground forces, led by Maslama, were annihilated by a combination of failure against the city's impregnable walls, the stout resistance of the defenders, freezing winter temperatures, chronic outbreaks of.

48 Constantinople map ideas hagia sophia, byzantine

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and is among the 15 largest urban areas in the world. It is located on the Bosporus Strait and covers the entire area of the Golden Horn, a natural harbor. Because of its size, Istanbul extends into both Europe and Asia. The city is the world's only metropolis to be on more than one continent 6 Questions Show answers. Question 1. SURVEY. 30 seconds. Q. Based on the information provided by this map, which statement about Constantinople is accurate? answer choices. Africans traded more goods in Constantinople than in any other area. Constantinople was a city located on the Mediterranean Sea

Istanbul, largest city and principal seaport of Turkey. Historically known as Byzantium and then Constantinople, it was the capital of the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul straddles the Bosporus strait, one of two waterways that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey The ideal location of Constantinople is one of the many reasons to come! It is very safe here, seeing as the city is. of walls that fortified the city (right). Also, Constantinople is in an ideal location for trade and cultural diffusion, being right at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Being surrounded by water also helps trade, and the harbor

Byzantine Constantinople Before It Was - Brilliant Map

Constantinople, officially the Free City of Constantinople, is a State of the Commonwealth of Neo-Europe with special administrative status. 1 Creation 2 Organisation 3 List of States 4 Map 5 Demographics 5.1 Ethnicities 5.2 Languages 5.3 Religion 6 Economy 7 Culture 7.1 Cuisine 7.2 Drinks 7.3 Sport 7.4 Film and Television 8 Science and Technology 9 Relationship Constantinople. The great city of Constantinople stood at the heart of the Byzantine Empire. Its official name was New Rome (Constantinople was its informal name and means City of Constantine). Like Rome, its poorer inhabitants received free grain, shipped in from Egypt, and this helped its population grow to about half a million Map of Constantinople and the dispositions of the defenders and the besiegers. Strength [edit | edit source]. The army defending Constantinople was relatively small; it totalled about 7,000 men, 2,000 of whom were foreigners. At the onset of the siege probably 50,000 people were living within the walls, including the refugees from the surrounding area.. Siege of Constantinople (1453) 4,000 —20,000 Dead. 50,000—250,000 Civilians Enslaved. In 1354 the Ottoman Turks lead an unprecedented Westward expansion, in search of more land and territory. It was around this time that the Byzantines re-evaluated the threat of the West, and became gripped with the East. The Ottoman's most significant. Population of Constantinople: 11 581 707 people: Latitude of Constantinople: 41,0186 (411'6.960N) Longitude of Constantinople: 28,9647 (2857'52.920E

Byzantine Empire Map At Its Height, Over Time - Istanbul Clue

The Ottoman Turks swiftly conquered the lands in the Near East, until eventually Constantinople was reduced essentially just to its city limits, a capital without its empire. The young Ottoman sultan, Mehmet II, and his armies began their siege on Easter Monday, April 2, 1453. Inside the city walls, Emperor Constantine XI was determined to hold. Constantinople was transformed into an Islamic city: the Hagia Sophia became a mosque, and the city eventually became known as Istanbul. The conquest of the city of Constantinople, and the end of the Byzantine Empire, was a key event in the Late Middle Ages, which also marks, for some historians, the end of the Middle Ages Map of Constantinople: A map of Constantinople, the capital and founding city of the Byzantine Empire, drawn in 1422 CE by Florentine cartographer Cristoforo Buondelmonti. This is the oldest surviving map of the city and the only one that predates the Turkish conquest of the city in 1453 CE The second important point about Constantinople is that Constantine ensured that the bishop of Constantinople was elevated to be the equal of the pope in Rome, Saint Peter's successor. That would cause a great deal of dispute, in time, between the western and eastern churches. Economically, Constantinople was ideally located Watch the detailed map animation, showing the formations, attacks and development of the siege. Listen to the audio commentary and follow the full course of the assault. Read the historical account of the background, the course of the action and the aftermath to Constantinople. View the gallery, which includes artworks of the combatants and.

View detailed information and reviews for 7550 Constantinople Ave in Las Vegas, Nevada and get driving directions with road conditions and live traffic updates along the way. 7550 Constantinople Ave Directions {{::location.tagLine.value.text}} Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out Suddenly on June 18, 860, like a swarm of wasps, according to Photios, the Archbishop of Constantinople, the Viking fleet of 200 ships emerged from the Bosporus, the narrow strait connecting the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, to assault Constantinople. As many as 20,000 Vikings surged ashore, but Oryphas was an able man and shut the.

Cape Ann Area Map - Maplets

Introduction - Historically, Constantinople was the largest and wealthiest city in Europe from the 5th to early 13th century AD. To that end, it was Emperor Constantine who truly elevated the architectural ambit of the original settlement, by 're-founding' it as Nova Roma (New Rome or Νέα Ῥώμη). This symbolic overture mirrored the entire shifting of the capital from original Rome. Fall of Constantinople (May 29, 1453), conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire. The Byzantine Empire came to an end when the Ottomans breached Constantinople's ancient land wall after besieging the city for 55 days. The fall of the city allowed for Ottoman expansion into eastern Europe ABOVE: Photograph from Wikimedia Commons of the head of a colossal statue of the Roman emperor Constantine I, after whom the city of Constantinople takes its name, on display in the Capitoline Museums in Rome. The city of Constantinople remained the continuous capital of the Byzantine Roman Empire for around nine hundred years. It quickly became the largest city in the empire Map of the Division of the Byzantine Empire after 1204 with the respective flags and seals of post and pre-1204 states The 4th Crusade and the Venetian fleet attack Constantinople, 1203-1204. The Climax Part I- The emperor and the tsar besiege Constantinople (1229-1235). A map of the city from a 17th-century copy of the Piri Reis book, Kitab-ı Bahriye refers to the city as Kostantiniyye (Walters Art Museum collection). North is at the bottom. The Prince Islands are at the top. The old city of Constantinople or Stamboul (modern-day Fatih) is on the right

Art image - Crusaders: Thy Kingdom Come - Mod DB

Where Was Constantinople Located? - WorldAtla

This map shows an approximation of the layout of the imperial palace complex and surrounding buildings in Constantinople during the first five years of the reign of the emperor Justinian. The landscape would be changed radically in the aftermath of the Nika Rebellion in January, AD 532 Istanbul, Turkey | Constantinople Ancient City. The development and natural features of the original city. Constantinople | Approach Guides - Google My Maps. Open full screen to view more. This map was created by a user. Learn how to create your own. See all maps Map of Constantinople Friar John of Plano Carpini and the Silk Road. The travels of one of the first western envoys to the Great Khan's court. The Mongol invasion of Europe was one of the first large scale meetings between the Mongolians and the Europeans. Europeans accused the Mongol adversary of eating human breasts, carrying out. Constantinople Maps Author: Audio Connoisseur® Subject: Regarding Fall of Constantinople Created Date: 20140430143543-05'00'. Map A map of the countries between Constantinople and Calcutta : including Turkey in Asia, Persia, Afghanistan and Turkestan. About this Item Clip Image Zoom in Zoom out Rotate right Fit screen Full expan

Fall of Constantinople - Wikipedi

Constantinople map Ets

Constantinople: the world's largest city in 600 AD. At its most affluent point, Constantinople was home to 600,000 people. When Emperor Diocletian ruled the Roman Empire, he decided that the area was much too big for one person to oversee, so he divided the area into two parts with two leaders in each portion The Viking River Road to Constantinople. $ 3.95. Map Code: Ax00939. Vikings from Sweden first established a settlement at Aldeigjuborg on Lake Ladoga in the late 8th century. The legendary ruler Rurik reputedly founded Novgorod in around 860. The location was a natural trading nexus bestriding the headwaters of the Dvina, Dneister and Volga. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps

Arrowsmith, Aaron; (Composite Map of) A Map of the Environs of Constantinople Drawn from a great number of accurate astronomical & geographical manuscripts and printed documents, by A. Arrowsmith 1801 and 1804. London, Published by A. Arrowsmith, No.10 Soho Square, 4th September 1804.; 6915.003; Arrowsmith's large and detailed map of the Ottoman Empire and the Black Sea Constantinople's Geography. Constantine built Constantinople at the place where Europe and Asia meet. The location gave the people of Constantinople control over the routes leading east to Asia and north to northern Europe. Due to these trade routes Constantinople is very wealthy. This location is easy to protect from invaders due to the high.

Constantinople - HISTOR

Mythic Constantinople Map Pack - This pack contains large-scale versions of the City & Districts map, European Empires of 1450, and the floorplans f Maps and Pictures Constantinople. Map - Constantinople, Geography. Map - German Map of Constantinople - detailled, exceedingly accurate, and user-friendly, of course . Golden Horn - Port of Constantinople. Golden Horn - painting - Boats on the Golden Horn - 18th century view 192 COMMERCIAL MAP OF CONSTANTINOPLE with tariff lists (of 137).16 At Ephesus, the lower agora by the harbor (rebuilt in the late 4th or early 5th century) was probably used as a cattle and food market, while the upper agora by the prytaneum and bouleuterion was for civic functions (Fig. 5).17 In smaller cities The Church of St. George is the principal Eastern Orthodox cathedral located in Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey and, as Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire until 1453. Church of St. George is situated 750 metres west of Golden Horn. Photo: Klearchos Kapoutsis, CC BY 2.0 1 map : col. ; 32 x 39 cm. Language: English Genre: map Maps Digital Format: Images Subjects: Istanbul (Turkey)--Maps Notes: Covers Istanbul and surrounding regions along the Bosphorus. Shows names of mosques, hospitals, burial grounds, and other points of interest. Relief shown by hachures

Constantinople Map High Resolution Stock Photography and

Government in Constantinople. Constantinople is both the religious and political center for the Byzantine Empire, as it was intended by. Constantine the Great. In Constantinople, there is a Byzantine Emperor who has both political and religious. power. There is a close link between religion and government (church and state) in Constantinople. Mahmud II commissioned Helmuth von Moltke to produce surveys of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles. This copy was translated into Turkish and drawn and printed in the Academy of Military Arts (mekteb-i fünun-i harbiyye) A map of Constantinople/Istanbul A detailed map of Byzantine Constantinople It is common to think that the western terminus of the Silk Road was Rome in Italy. The narrator intones as much at the end of each film in the 30-part NTK/CCTV series, and the final scene of that sprawling epic shows the expedition arriving at the Roman Coliseum.. How Did Constantinople Become Istanbul? Mehmed the Conqueror, the Sultan Mehmet II, wanted to capture Constantinople in 1453, but the city's defenders fought with all their might. Early in the. Relief shown by hachures. Also shows Forts & batteries in red overprint, tidal banks, and anchorages. Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image. Includes bar scales for nautical miles, statute miles, and leagues. 1715. LC copy imperfect: Fold-lined between the 2 maps, torn at fold line, annotated in lead pencil in lower margin, taped at upper edge on verso

Christian Imagery on Silk Textiles: The Annunciation Silk

His provincial home of Carthage, the last Roman territory in Africa, fell to the Arabs in 698. Every year the Arabs raided deep into Anatolia, and they besieged Constantinople in 674-8 and again in 717-8. The population of Constantinople sunk to less than 50 000 and without even a functioning aqueduct (Luttwak 2009, p.217) Map of Constantinople Turkey C.1650, 16 by 20-Inch, Gold Ornate Frame. Brand: Trademark Fine Art. Price: $77.09 & FREE Shipping. Details & FREE Returns. Return this item for free. Free returns are available for the shipping address you chose. You can return the item for any reason in new and unused condition: no shipping charges Costantilope was a thriving town near the end of the common silk roadside == Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Indian Empire and known as the West Sun. It is located in the western end of the Silk Roadside and takes advantage of this geographical benefit to accumulate huge wealth, boasting of splendid scenery. Based on the huge wealth from the overseas trade connecting to the SilkRoad. Constantinople is a historical city featured in many Total War games. Constantinople is the capital and largest city of the Eastern Roman Empire faction. Constantinopolis (this time shown with its latin name) is the capital and largest city of the Eastern Roman Empire faction CONSTANTINOPLE. Map of Beyoğlu (Pera). [Keşfiyat ve İnşaat Türk Anonim Şirketi, c.1924]  Large folding chromolithographed map (1090 x 1630mm.), partially backed on linen, manuscript annotations in lower right corner, a few minor holes along fold

Athena Parthenos (1990), view 05, Parthenon (1897), 2500 W

Category:Maps of Constantinople - Wikimedia Common

Maps constantinople Ets

Restored section of the triple wall. Constantinople has had several walls. The oldest of these surrounded the Akropolis and was built by the first Greek settlers. According to the author Dionysius of Byzantium (second century CE), the walls were thirty-five stades long, or about six kilometers, and the sector that was facing the land was about five stades wide, less than a kilometer Topographical map of Constantinople during the Byzantine period. Main map source: R. Janin, Constantinople Byzantine. Developpement urbain et repertoire topographique. Road network and some other details based on Dumbarton Oaks Papers 54; data on many churches, especially unidentified ones, taken from the University of New York's The Byzantine Churches of Istanbul project. Other published maps. Large, early woodcut view of Constantinople, today Istanbul, by Sebastian Munster on the full double sheet. Decorated with many ships. From the German edition of Sebastian Münster's Cosmography, titled Cosmographey oder beschreibung aller Länder, published 1550 by Heinrich Petri in Basel Map of Constantinople imitating the style of medieval city maps. 1099-1453 AD Constantinople. Emperor Constantine in 4th century C.E. established a capital at Constantinople. Constantinople is located in the modern country of turkey. More information. 1099-1453 AD Constantinople

Constantinople On Europe Map secretmuseu

The town of Constantinople was a medium size town, East of Europe. It was capital of Byzantium. It disappeared due to mayor`s inactivity. 1 Symbols 2 History 3 The town 4 Economy Town`s flag was a red banner with a yellow +. The town joined Great Federation. Then they finally broke relations with them and created Byzanzium nation. The town is currently abandoned. An archaeological expedition. Start studying Map of Constantinople. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire, and also of the brief Latin, and the later Ottoman empires. This was a continuation of the Roman Empire, created by the emperor Constantine. Eastern Orthodox Church. The Byzantine Church, this church was based on a set of beliefs that its leaders traced back to Jesus Christ and. 1895 Map of Constantinople Sea of Marmara Balkans Antique 19th Century Victorian. $42.44 + $16.97 shipping + $16.97 shipping + $16.97 shipping. Seller 100% positive Seller 100% positive Seller 100% positive. Asia - Original 1915 Political Map by Kartographia Winterthur S.A. Antique. $22.00

44 Best Constantinople map ideas constantinople map

St Louis IX of France | In Louis IX of France were united